AEPC Recommendations

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AEPC Recommendations

The major task of AEPC is to harmonize training in Paediatric Cardiology in Europe.  Therefore, the Association has published several recommendations for training in Paediatric Cardiology in its subspecialties. In addition, AEPC also supports and endorses the development of other recommendations, guidelines & consensus statements.


AEPC Logbook for trainees (November 2023)


The logbook is a tool for the trainee and trainer to keep track of the progress of the trainee. It is the responsibility of the trainee to record all relevant activities. In countries where national guidelines exist, the trainee might maintain a national equivalent to the Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology logbook.


Download your copy of the AEPC logbook for trainees >


AEPC recommendations for training in interventional catheterisation for CHD (May 2023)

Krasemann, T., Butera, G., Thomson, J., Chessa, M., & Bokenkamp, R. (2023). AEPC recommendations for training in interventional catheterisation for CHD. 

Cardiology in the Young, 1-8. doi:10.1017/S1047951123000823
Published online: 22 May 2023


Indications and management of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in childhood hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (April 2023)

A position statement from the AEPC Working Group on Basic Science, Genetics and Myocardial Disease and the AEPC Working Group on Cardiac Dysrhythmias and Electrophysiology

Kaski, J., Kammeraad, J., Blom, N., Happonen, J., Janousek, J., Klaassen, S., . . . Ziolkowska, L. (2023). Indications and management of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in childhood hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: A position statement from the AEPC Working Group on Basic Science, Genetics and Myocardial Disease and the AEPC Working Group on Cardiac Dysrhythmias and Electrophysiology. 

Cardiology in the Young, 33(5), 681-698. doi:10.1017/S1047951123000872


Hypertension in children and odolescents: A Consensus Document From ESC Council on Hypertension, European Association of Preventive Cardiology, European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging, Association of Cardiovascular Nursing & Allied Professions, ESC Council on Cardiology Practice and Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology (July 2022)

Giovanni de Simone, Costantino Mancusi, Henner Hanssen, Simonetta Genovesi, Empar Lurbe, Gianfranco Parati, Skaiste Sendzikaite, Giuliana Valerio, Procolo Di Bonito, Giovanni Di Salvo, Marc Ferrini, Paul Leeson, Philip Moons, Constance G Weismann, Bryan Williams

European Heart Journal, ehac328, 
Published: 27 July 2022


AEPC General recommendations for training institutes in paediatric cardiology (April 2022) 

AEPC Educational Committee


2021 PACES expert consensus statement on the indications and management of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices in pediatric patients
Developed in collaboration with and endorsed by the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS), the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), and the Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology (AEPC). Endorsed by the Asia Pacific Heart Rhythm Society (APHRS), the Indian Heart Rhythm Society (IHRS), and the Latin American Heart Rhythm Society (LAHRS).
Maully J. Shah, Michael J. Silka, Jennifer N. Avari Silva, Seshadri Balaji, Cheyenne M. Beach, Monica N. Benjamin, Charles I. Berul, Bryan Cannon, Frank Cecchin, Mitchell I. Cohen, Aarti S. Dalal, Brynn E. Dechert, Anne Foster, Roman Gebauer, M. Cecilia Gonzalez Corcia, Prince J. Kannankeril, Peter P. Karpawich, Jeffery J. Kim, Mani Ram Krishna, Peter Kubuš, Martin J. LaPage, Douglas Y. Mah, Lindsey Malloy-Walton, Aya Miyazaki, Kara S. Motonaga, Mary C. Niu, Melissa Olen, Thomas Paul, Eric Rosenthal, Elizabeth V. Saarel, Massimo Stefano Silvetti, Elizabeth A. Stephenson, Reina B. Tan, John Triedman, Nicholas H. Von Bergen, Philip L. Wackel and
Document Reviewers: Philip M. Chang, Fabrizio Drago, Anne M. Dubin, Susan P. Etheridge, Apichai Kongpatanayothin, Jose Manuel Moltedo, Ashish A. Nabar and George F. Van Hare

Cardiology in the Young, 31(11), 1738-1769. doi:10.1017/S1047951121003413
Published online by Cambridge University Press: 02 August 2021


Transition to adulthood and transfer to adult care of adolescents with congenital heart disease: a global consensus statement of the ESC Association of Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professions (ACNAP), the ESC Working Group on Adult Congenital Heart Disease (WG ACHD), the Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology (AEPC), the Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR), the Asia-Pacific Pediatric Cardiac Society (APPCS), the Inter-American Society of Cardiology (IASC), the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ), the International Society for Adult Congenital Heart Disease (ISACHD), the World Heart Federation (WHF), the European Congenital Heart Disease Organisation (ECHDO), and the Global Alliance for Rheumatic and Congenital Hearts (Global ARCH) (2021)
Philip Moons, Ewa-Lena Bratt, Julie De Backer, Eva Goossens, Tim Hornung, Oktay Tutarel, Liesl Zühlke, John Jairo Araujo, Edward Callus, Harald Gabriel, Nauman Shahid, Karen Sliwa, Amy Verstappen, Hsiao-Ling Yang, Corina Thomet

European Heart Journal, ehab388, 
Published: 01 July 2021


Consensus document on optimal management of patients with common arterial trunk (2021)
Mark G. Hazekamp, David J. Barron, Joanna Dangel, Tessa Homfray, Monique R.M. Jongbloed, Inga Voges

Cardiology in the Young 31: 915–939. doi: 10.1017/S1047951121001219 
Published online: 21 May 2021


European position paper on the management of patients with patent foramen ovale. Part II - Decompression sickness, migraine, arterial deoxygenation syndromes and select high-risk clinical conditions (2021)
Christian Pristipino, MD, Peter Germonpré, MD, Danilo Toni, MD, Horst Sievert, MD, Bernhard Meier, MD, Fabrizio D’Ascenzo, MD, Sergio Berti, MD, Eustaquio Maria Onorato, MD, Francesco Bedogni, MD, Jean-Louis Mas, MD, Paolo Scacciatella, MD, David Hildick-Smith, MD, Fiorenzo Gaita, MD, Paul A Kyrle, MD, John Thomson, MD, Genevieve Derumeaux, MD, PhD, Dirk Sibbing, MD, Massimo Chessa, MD, Marius Hornung, MD, Jose Zamorano, MD, Dariusz Dudek, MD, EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS TEAM, Fabrizio D’Ascenzo, MD, Pierluigi Omedè, MD, Flavia Ballocca, MD, Umberto Barbero, MD, Francesca Giordana, MD, Sebastiano Gili, MD, Mario Iannaccone, MD, INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS, Teiji Akagi, MD, Gianpaolo Anzola, MD, John Carroll, MD, Bharat Dalvi, MD, Claudio De Angelis, MD, Ge Junbo, MD, Scott E Kasner, MD, Ina Michel-Behnke, MD, Giuseppe Musumeci, MD, Lars Søndergaard, MD, Giuseppe Tarantini, MD, Giuseppe G L Biondi-Zoccai, MD, joint task force of European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI), European Stroke Organisation (ESO), European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), European Association for Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI), European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology (AEPC), ESC Working Group on Adult Congenital Heart Disease, ESC Working Group on Thrombosis, European Haematological Society (EHA), European Underwater and Baromedical Society (EUBS), EAPCI SCIENTIFIC DOCUMENTS AND INITIATIVES COMMITTEE, Davide Capodanno, MD, PhD, Marco Valgimigli, MD, PhD, Robert Byrne, MB, BCh, PhD, Vijay Kunadian, MD

European Heart Journal, Volume 42, Issue 16, 21 April 2021, Pages 1545–1553, 
Published: 28 January 2021


Imaging the adult with simple shunt lesions: position paper from the EACVI and the ESC WG on ACHD. Endorsed by AEPC (Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology) (2020)
Werner Budts, Owen Miller, Sonya V Babu-Narayan, Wei Li, Emanuela Valsangiacomo Buechel, Alessandra Frigiola, Annemien van den Bosch, Beatrice Bonello, Luc Mertens, Tarique Hussain, Victoria Parish, Gilbert Habib, Thor Edvardsen, Tal Geva, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Katarina Hanseus, Laura Dos Subira, Helmut Baumgartner, Michael Gatzoulis, Giovanni Di Salvo

European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging, Volume 22, Issue 6, June 2021, Pages e58-e70, 
Published: 18 December 2020


Recommendations from the Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology for training in diagnostic and interventional electrophysiology (2020)
Thomas Kriebel, Eric Rosenthal, Roman Gebauer, Juha-Matti Happonen, Fabrizio Drago, Ulrich Krause, Nico A. Blom, Tomasz Książczyk and Laszlo Kornyei

Cardiology in the Young, 1-9. doi:10.1017/S1047951120004096
Published: 9 December 2020


AEPC Recommendations for basic training in paediatric and congenital cardiology (2020)
Association for European of Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology

Heying, R., Albert, D., Voges, I., Sendzikaite, S., Sarquella-Brugada, G., Pluchinotta, F., . . . Milanesi, O. (2020). Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology recommendations for basic training in paediatric and congenital cardiology 2020. 

Contributors and reviewers of the AEPC council: Katarina Hanseus (Sweden), Ornella Milanesi (Italy), Gurleen Sharland (United Kingdom), Nico Blom (The Netherlands), Juha-Matti Happonen (Finland), Sylvie Di Filippo (France), Ina Michel-Behnke (Austria), Werner Budts (Belgium), Roberto Di Donato (United Arab Emirates).

Contributors of the AEPC working groups (current chairs and representative members): Juan Pablo Kaski, Sabine Klaassen, Laszlo Koernyei, Thomas Kriebel, Adam Kolesnik, Matthias Sigler, Owen Miller, Joanna Dangel, Gianfranco Butera, Thomas Krasemann, Katya De Groote, José Fragata, Joan Sanchez de Toledo, Werner Budts, Renate Oberhoffer, Peter Fritsch, Hannes Sallmon and Zdenka Reinhardt.

Cardiology in the Young, 30(11), 1572-1587. doi:10.1017/S1047951120003455
Published (online): 28 October 2020


2020 ESC Guidelines for the management of adult congenital heart disease: The Task Force for the management of adult congenital heart disease of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)
Helmut Baumgartner, Julie De Backer, Sonya V Babu-Narayan, Werner Budts, Massimo Chessa, Gerhard-Paul Diller, Bernard lung, Jolanda Kluin, Irene M Lang, Folkert Meijboom, Philip Moons, Barbara J M Mulder, Erwin Oechslin, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Markus Schwerzmann, Lars Sondergaard, Katja Zeppenfeld, ESC Scientific Document Group

European Heart Journal, ehaa554,
Published: 29 August 2020


Guidelines for the management of neonates and infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome: The European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) and the Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology (AEPC) Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome Guidelines Task Force (2020)
Nelson Alphonso, Annalisa Angelini, David J Barron, Hannah Bellsham-Revell, Nico A Blom, Katherine Brown, Deborah Davis, Daniel Duncan, Marny Fedrigo, Lorenzo Galletti, David Hehir, Ulrike Herberg, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Katarzyna Januszewska, Tom R Karl, (Chaiman HLHS Guidelines Task Force), Edward Malec, Bohdan Maruszewski, James Montgomerie, Christian Pizzaro, Dietmar Schranz, Amanda J Shillingford, John M Simpson

European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Volume 58, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 416–499, 
Published: 28 August 2020


Werner Budts, Guido E Pieles, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Maria Sanz de la Garza, Flavio D’Ascenzi, George Giannakoulas, Jan Müller, Renate Oberhoffer, Doris Ehringer-Schetitska, Vesna Herceg-Cavrak, Harald Gabriel, Domenico Corrado, Frank van Buuren, Josef Niebauer, Mats Börjesson, Stefano Caselli, Peter Fritsch, Antonio Pelliccia, Hein Heidbuchel, Sanjay Sharma, A Graham Stuart, Michael Papadakis

European Heart Journal, ehaa501, 
Published: 26 August 2020


Management of patients with indications for cardiac catheterization in congenital heart disease during Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic (2020)

Biagio Castaldi1 and Giovanni Di Salvo1, on behalf of the AEPC Cardiac Interventional Working Group 


Challenges and Special Aspects of Pulmonary Hypertension in Middle- to Low-Income Regions: JACC State-of-the-Art Review (2020)
Babar Hasan MBBS, Georg Hansmann MD, PhD, Werner Budts MD, PhD, Alexandra Heath MD, PhDd, Zahra Hoodbhoy MBBS, Zhi-Cheng Jing MD, PhD, Martin Koestenberger MD, Katharina Meinel MD, Ana Olga Mocumbi MD, PhD, Ganna D. Radchenko MD, PhD, Hannes Sallmon MD, Karen SliwaMD, PhD, R. Krishna Kumar MD, on behalf ofthe European Pediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network (EPPVDN), endorsed by AEPC, CSC, PASCAR, PCS, and PCSI

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020 May 19;75(19):2463-2477. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2020.03.047
Published: 11 May 2020


AEPC Recommendations for training in pulmonary hypertension (2019)

Sallmon, H., Moledina, S., Albert, D., Beghetti, M., Berger, R., Bonnet, D., . . . Hansmann, G. (2019). Recommendations from the Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology for training in pulmonary hypertension. 

Cardiology in the Young, 29(11), 1323-1327.


2019 updated consensus statement on the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric pulmonary hypertension: The European Pediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network (EPPVDN), endorsed by AEPC, ESPR and ISHLT (2019)
Georg Hansmann, MD, PhD (Chair), Martin Koestenberger, MD (Co-Chair), Tero-Pekka Alastalo, MD, PhD, Christian Apitz, MD, Eric D. Austin, MD, MSc, Damien Bonnet, MD, PhD, Werner Budts, MD, PhD, Michele D'Alto, MD, PhD, Michael A. Gatzoulis, MD, PhD, Babar S. Hasan, MD, Rainer Kozlik-Feldmann, MD, R. Krishna Kumar, MD, Astrid E. Lammers, MD, MD(Res), Heiner Latus, MD, Ina Michel-Behnke, MD, PhD, Oliver Miera, MD, Nicholas W. Morrell, MD, Guido Pieles, MD, DPhil, Daniel Quandt, MD, Hannes Sallmon, MD, Dietmar Schranz, MD, Karin Tran-Lundmark, MD, PhD, Robert M.R. Tulloh, DM FRCPCH, Gregor Warnecke, MD, Håkan Wåhlander, MD, PhD, Sven C. Weber, MD, Peter Zartner, MD

The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, Volume 38, Issue 9, 879 - 901 DOI:
Published: 21 June 2019


ESC Working Group Position Paper: Transcatheter adult congenital heart disease interventions: organization of care – recommendations from a Joint Working Group of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), European Association of Pediatric and Congenital Cardiology (AEPC), and the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiac Intervention (EAPCI) (2018)
Massimo Chessa, Helmut Baumgartner, Ina Michel-Behnke, Felix Berger, Werner Budts, Andreas Eicken, Lars Søndergaard, Joerg Stein, Maarten Wiztsemburg, John Thomson

European Heart Journal, Volume 40, Issue 13, 01 April 2019, Pages 1043–1048, 
Published: 29 October 2018


AEPC Recommendations for clinical training in paediatric heart failure and transplantation (2018)

On behalf of the Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology Working Group pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, and transplantation

Reinhardt Z, Hansmann G, O’Sullivan J, Murtuza B, Köstenberger M, Schranz D, Bonnet D, Burch M. (2018)
Recommendations from the AEPC for clinical training in paediatric heart failure and transplantation.

Cardiology in the Young, 28(11), 1295-1298. doi:10.1017/S1047951118001221.
Published (online): 12 September 2018


AEPC Recommendations for training in echocardiography

Developed by Luc Mertens, Wim Helbing, Ludger Sieverding, Otto Daniels on behalf of The Working Group on Cardiac Imaging of the Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology


AEPC Training requirements for congenital cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging (2006)

Willem A. Helbing, Luc Mertens, Ludger Sieverding

Cardiology in the Young , Volume 16 , Issue 4 , August 2006 , pp. 410 - 412. doi:10.1017/S1047951106000643 


AEPC Recommendations for the practice of fetal cardiology in Europe (2004)

Developed by the Fetal Cardiology Working Group of the Association for European Paediatric Cardiology


AEPC Recommendations for the ideal configuration of the modern theatre for paediatric cardiac catheterisation (2003)

Compiled by a Working Party of the Association for European Paediatric Cardiology .

Brzezinska-Rajszys, G., Carminati, M., & Qureshi, S. (2003). The ideal configuration of the modern theatre for paediatric cardiac catheterisation: Recommendations of the Association for European Paediatric Cardiology. 

Cardiology in the Young, 13(6), 582-584. doi:10.1017/S1047951103001240

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